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The Navaratri, also known as Dasara, is a Hindu festival of worship. The word Navaratri literally means "nine nights". For nine nights and ten days, nine forms of worship Shakti (metaphor for the female goddess Durga).
The Navaratri is usually held in Devi temples with special offerings and reciting the Mahatmya Devi.

The beginning of summer and the beginning of winter are two very important moments where there is a connection between climate and solar influence. These two moments have been used as an opportunity to worship the Divine Mother. The exact date of the festivals are determined by the lunar calendar.



Dasaharara, means "ten days", and is known in popular language as Dasara. The Navaratri festival, or the festival of nine days, becomes a ten-day festival with the addition of the last day, Vijaya-Dasami. During these ten days Mahisasura-mardini mother is worshiped with fervor and devotion.

The Dasara festival is held on the occasion of Navaratri, on this holy day and the triumph of good over evil is celebrated. The way to be held can be done forms such as worship the goddess Chamundeshwari (Durga) or multicolored display thumbnails during the day "bombe Habba" in Kannada.
There is a legend related to the display of thumbnails known as Golu (pronounced Kolu in some regions).

Since goddess Durga needed a lot of power, all the gods and goddesses transferred their powers to the goddess and these powers remain still as thumbnails. To respect the sacrifice they made these divinities, Hindus revere these miniatures that have the form of divinities.

In Tamil Nadu is a custom display Golu. Here figurines placed on 7, 9 or 11 rows. Usually when people visit a person to his house to see the Golu, carrying a small bag of gifts.

These are offered only to girls and married women.During the afternoon some small lights that are decorated and some are sung hymns and shlokas will turn on. After that prepares some food offered to the goddess.
It is common practice to have some made of wood. In addition a figure of a boy and a girl together is included.

On the ninth day (Saraswati Puja) special offerings to the goddess Saraswati are made, the goddess of wisdom and understanding. They are left as offerings books and musical instruments and are worshiped as sources of knowledge.

The tenth day (Vijayadasami) is the day that commemorates that evil was eventually destroyed for good. This marks a new and prosperous start. And it is believed that new projects starting that day will flourish and prosperity.

Children usually start their education on that day. During the afternoon of Vijayadasami, some of Golu dolls are placed symbolically to sleep and Kalasam moves slightly northward to mark the end of the holiday. Prayers are offered to give thanks to God for the success of Golu that year and hoping to be good next year. Then the Golu is collected and stored until next year.

Golu sitting in the middle

The last in Mysore, the day of Vijaya Dashami, there is a tradition of holding a grand procession through the streets of the city with the goddess Chamundeshwari mounted on a Ambaari gold (elephant seat). For many centuries, this fact and the ten-day festival have been very important in the kingdom of Mysore. Many cultural events are held in the main palace of the region.

During the post-independence period, the provincial government of Karnataka has recovered the tradition and continues to celebrate each year.

Traditions of Navaratri


There are five Navaratris dedicated to the worship of Sakthi. Of these, only three are held still.
  • Sharad Navaratri. This Navaratri is celebrated during Sharad Ruthu (early winter between September and October). It is known as Maha Navaratri. It is a festivale that can be seen in most parts of India, but especially in the east and south. In the south usually see this celebration as a commemoration of the violent death of Bandasura.
  • Vasantha Navaratri. It is celebrated during Vasantha Ruthu (early summer between March and April). This Navaratri is celebrated mainly in the north of the country.
  • Ashada Navaratri. This Navaratri is especially important for Upasakas Varahi, and is held between July and August. In Himachal Pradesh Guhya it called Navaratri.

IN GUJARAT


In Gujarat, the festival is extremely religious. It is actually performed with great devotion in the various temples there dedicated to Mother or Mataji as familiarly called. In some homes have the image of the goddess which is worshiped, and temples are visited by many people from morning till night.

An interesting feature of Navaratri is the "garba". The garba is a circular dance performed by women and men dancing around a container filled with water mud called panache. Within the fruit of betel container and a silver coin is introduced. The dance, which is rhythmic and regular initially accompanied by a singer, a drum and a brass band. Today speakers use to go increased the volume of the music to reach the peak time, when dance becomes livelier stopping suddenly at the end is. Then there is a small break and the show begins again.

Another feature is the Navaratri dance dandya-ras or "dance clubs". Here men and women dance in a circle carrying in their hands wooden sticks or plastic are called dandyas. Intoxicated by speed rate, men and women beat together the dandyas offering a very jovial atmosphere.

Due to the popularity of these dances, competitions both garba dance and the dandya-ras are made. Usually a jury which pays the group that had better danced. The costumes of the dancers are full of colorful traditional costumes. And usually start at night lasting until the next morning.